Sambo was originally developed by the Soviet Union. This form of martial arts is presently recognized as both a specific style of wrestling and a combat sport.
Professionals in the martial arts community may describe it as a combination of multiple different disciplines, specifically those that have been listed below.
- Japanese Jiu-jitsu
Professionals in the martial arts community may also describe Krava Maga as a combination of different disciplines, including the following:
Also, here are a few key things that you need to know about the main differences and similarities between these two martial art forms.
Differences Between Sambo and Krav Maga
Used in Different Military Countries for Combat
As referenced earlier, there are some important differences between these two specific martial art forms.
Though there are used in military combat, one of the primary distinctions is the countries of origin. For example, Russia’s military is known for using Sambo combat, while Israel’s military is known for using Krav Maga.
Dates of Popularity – Widespread – Initially a Decade a Part
When you check the history of both forms, you will most likely find that Sambo was used in the Soviet Red Army in the 1920s to help soldiers improve and master hand-to-hand combat abilities.
On the other hand, the Krav maga did not come widespread until the 1930s. It was during this time frame that this martial art took off as part of the country’s street fighting culture.
Self-Defense versus Aggressive Combat
Krav Maga’s principles are considered a lot more unique than other forms of martial arts. This is primarily because its principles and philosophies are centered more around physical over-aggression.
For instance, when the opponent is down and out of commission, it is still legal to continue to strike them in the most vulnerable parts of the body (i.e. the eye sockets, groin, and throat).
In essence, Kava Maga is considered to be one of the deadliest forms of martial arts presently in existence.
Unlike Krava Maga’s principles of martial arts and its overall focus, Sambo is a combination of both self-defense and aggression strategies.
Therefore, the fighter is not only taught to be aggressive with their opponent but they are also taught how to spend a significant amount of their time protecting themselves.
|Origin||Developed in the Soviet Union as a military combat system||Developed in Israel as a self-defense system|
|Focus||Emphasizes grappling and throwing techniques||Emphasizes striking and defensive techniques|
|Techniques||Includes submissions, takedowns, and ground fighting||Includes punches, kicks, and strikes to vulnerable areas|
|Philosophy||Stresses efficiency and control in grappling and submissions||Stresses aggression and quick, decisive strikes|
|Competitive Sport||Has a competitive sport aspect with rules and regulations||Does not have a competitive sport aspect|
|Uniform||Practitioners wear a jacket and shorts, similar to judo||Practitioners typically wear casual clothing|
|Military Applications||Taught to military personnel for hand-to-hand combat||Taught to military and law enforcement for self-defense and combat situations|
|Training Methods||Emphasizes partner drills and sparring||Emphasizes realistic scenarios and stress training|
|International Recognition||Recognized as an Olympic sport||Not recognized as an Olympic sport|
|Popularity||More popular in Eastern Europe and Russia||More popular in Western countries|
|Cultural Influences||Influenced by judo, and wrestling||Influenced by boxing, muay Thai, and wrestling|
Similarities Between Sambo and Krav Maga
Just like there are differences in these martial art forms you will also see that there are some similarities between Sambo and Krav Mag, too.
One of the most noticeable is that little to no protective gear is required. For instance, to be successful in krav maga, protective gear is mostly limited to striking gloves.
Or, to be successful in Sambo combat, the fighter will only need rash guards and outside gear protection.
In either case, each opponent is not required to buy or suit up with expensive protective gear to engage in these combat fights.
Advice on What to Choose
If you are trying to make decisions about which martial art form may be best for you, you need to consider the following things.
Sambo is geared more toward learning to protect your body from harm and be very aggressive with your opponent.
Krav Mage has been created with severe damage and injury in mind. This means if you want to do real bodily harm to your opponent, you may want to learn severe aggressive techniques that will completely disable and destroy your opponent physically.
Buying protective gear can be expensive. Therefore, if you do not have a lot of upfront money to spend on getting started, you can choose either one to meet your needs and preferences.
One of the most important differences is that Krav Maga is more deadly in strategy than Sambo since it is the most aggressive.
Yet, both types are a combination of more than one martial arts form. Also, to get started, the newbie will not need a huge sum of money to buy protective gear.